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How to Get Pre-Approved for a Mortgage

Elegant Hi-Ranch - Steps from the Beach

1. Find the right person to work with

“A lot of buyers start on the Internet, which is very convenient,” said Steven Slotnick, a mortgage broker with Prospect Mortgage in Maplewood, N.J. “You can do the calculations yourself, and you can play out some what-if scenarios, and get an idea of what you can afford. But it’s impersonal. And if you have anything other than the most basic financial situation — been in the same job for several years, one savings account, one checking account — then you might have issues you don’t even know about that could hold up a loan.”

Slotnick said that the best recommendations for a mortgage broker or loan officer will come from someone who has successfully obtained a mortgage. “If they were successful, someone did something right,” he said. “Ask them who they used.” Realtors and real estate attorneys also can provide recommendations. The important thing, said Slotnick, is to find someone who’s asking the right questions.

“If they’re asking the important questions that go beyond what your income is — what kind of work do you do, how many children do you have, how long do you intend to stay in your house — then they probably have your best interests at heart.”

Those questions, he said, help the mortgage broker or loan officer understand what your monthly expenses are and how much of a mortgage you can really afford, which is the first step toward pre-approval.

2. Assemble the correct paperwork

Once you find someone whom you can work with, you will need to start gathering all the pertinent financial information. You can actually start pulling this together before you’re ready to go through the pre-approval process. The important thing is to know where all the information is.

According to Slotnick, at minimum you will need to be able to produce these documents to start the pre-approval process:

• One month of paystubs

• Two years of W-2s, or two years of tax returns if you’re self-employed

• Bank statements from the last two months

• If you are currently renting, proof of the last 12 months of rent payments

“With these documents, I can pull a credit report and get the complete picture of someone’s financial situation,” he said. “If they have a more complicated financial situation, as when someone is involved in a business partnership, the process gets more complicated. Then, we will start asking for more documents.”

3. Create a budget

Your loan officer or mortgage broker should also help you create a budget. “A good mortgage broker will look not just at your income, but your expenses, and find out how much you can really spend on a home,” said Huettner. “When we go through the finances, I ask the buyer what they feel they can afford each month. And I make sure they understand what they will need for closing costs and escrow, based on the mortgage they want. All of this will help a buyer determine how much of a mortgage they really can afford.”

4. Get more than one quote

You should definitely shop around for a mortgage, advises Slotnick. “The borrower should get two or three reputable quotes,” he said. However, there is no need to go through the entire scenario more than once. Instead, a buyer can contact other lenders with the information that they were pre-approved at a certain rate for a certain amount, and ask how other lenders compare. “Ask for their rates and closing costs, and see if there is a difference,” said Slotnick. “And if there’s a big difference among lenders, make sure you have those quotes in writing before you commit to one over the other.”

Slotnick says that a buyer can expect pre-qualification within 24 hours and a full mortgage commitment in about 10 days, he said. In the end, though, it’s the ability of the borrower to produce the right documents and answer all the questions that need to be answered. “The borrower’s thoroughness determines the length of the process,” he said.

“Even for people who have a very straightforward financial situation, it’s the fine details that can trip you up,” said Huettner. “You have to work with someone who is knowledgeable enough about the process that they will ask the right questions and be able to identify red flags before they get to the underwriter.” By Patricia Orsini

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